|The obligatory PhD Comic.|
- Sentences that are really three or four sentences held together by overly generous use of em-dashes, colons, and semicolons.
- Words I just completely made up because I don't know what the right word is.
- Pronouns that don't have referents.
- Places where I assume the reader knows as much about Victorian philosophy of science as I do.
- That halfway through a chapter I forgot a key term and substituted a different, less precise word.
- The fact that my explanation of the fact that the gardening guidebook Dorothea Brooke reads in Middlemarch was written by James Loudon, husband to Jane Webb Loudon, author of the early science fiction novel The Mummy!: A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century probably belongs in a end note because it had literally nothing to do with my argument.
- Places where my meaning is completely unclear if you can't read my mind. Like, why don't you just know what I mean!? You're smart people, work it out for yourselves!